Study Finds Close to 400 New Species in Amazon

Scientists in the Amazon rainforest have discovered nearly 400 new species over the past two years announced the World Wildlife Fund or WWF.

The discoveries include new primates from the titi monkey family or zogue-zogue.

The conservation group has warned that the newly discovered animals and plants were all found in areas that are threatened due to human activity.

This news follows the decision to temporarily block controversial plans by the government which would have seen areas of the rainforest opening to additional mining.

The report released by the WWF along with the Mamiraua Institute in Brazil, lists 93 previously unknown fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles, 216 plants, a bird and 20 mammals, of which two were fossils.

A pair of the newly discovered fish species was found within conservation areas of the National Reserve of Copper.

A judge in Brazil on Wednesday granted an injunction that blocked a decree by the country’s President Michel Temer that would allow commercial mining to begin in Renca a massive protected area that is the size of Switzerland that encompasses nine different conservation areas.

One of the finds that was most interesting from the recent two-year study was the titi monkey (Milton’s titi), that was found during an organized expedition by WWF in Brazil.

Fernanda Paim a researcher and biologist at the institute said the animal was medium sized weighing approximately 9 lbs., and surprised the researchers because it was still possible to locate new primate species in the area of the Amazon.

A discovery of the new species across the massive Amazon was spread over nine countries in South America, with one found on average every two days from 2014 to 2015.

Other newly found species include a nocturnal river fish, white-ball acari, and honeycomb stingray, which is a freshwater ray that was found in the Madeira River upper basin.

This study is the third of a series that has listed 2,100 newly discovered species during the past 17 years.

The first study has 1,200 newly discovered species found from 1999 to 2009.

The second had 602 newly discovered species found from 2010 to 2013.

From 1999 to 2009 one new species was discovered on average ever three days, while from 2010 to 2013 one new one was found on average between every 2 and 3 days.

Despite an increase in discovery rates, conservation groups believe there are many more still to be discovered.

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