Scientists believe they have discovered a scientific explanation as to why the biblical cities of Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed nearly 4,000 years ago. According to the scientists, a low-altitude meteor explosion caused the catastrophe which wiped out the region. After the calamity, the region was left uninhabited for centuries.
In the Bible, Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed by God because of the sinful nature of the residents. The book of Genesis reads: “the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven. And He destroyed these cities, and all the country about, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and all things that spring from the Earth.” The writing is an apt description of what would happen to a city devastated by a low-altitude meteor explosion.
Archaeologist and biblical researcher Phillip Silvia, of Trinity Southwest University, and his team have been excavating the ruins of Tall el-Hammam a Bronze Age city believed to be located near where Sodom and Gomorrah would have been on the northeastern edge of the Dead Sea. The site appears to show considerable evidence of a low-altitude asteroid explosion. Trinity Southwest University is a Christian higher educational institution located in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Archaeologists say that the region, now called Middle Ghor, contains strange minerals that are possibly the result of a super-heated asteroid exploding. Evidence also shows that cities and settlements in the region were obliterated by a massive wave of heat, wind and tiny particles. A pottery surface found on the site was melted into glass. A massive wave, or series of waves, pushed salty water from the Dead Sea onto the land, devastating the soil.
The researchers have said the asteroid explosion, now called the 3.7KYrBP Kikkar Event, would have had an airburst yield of 10 megatons and devastated a 15-mile wide circular plain. Radiocarbon dating put the explosion at around 3,700 years ago, matching the biblical timeframe. Silvia reported the preliminary findings during the annual meeting of the American Schools of Oriental Research in Denver, Colorado.